Cadence is about creating and maintaining the momentum of change, of interventions and strategic development initiatives
The Basics of Cadence
Kenyan-born Bernard Lagat is one of the most-decorated American middle-distance runners in history, chalking up impressive victories in world championships and holding four American records. He’s also admired by coaches for his fluid running form. While it may not be possible for amateur runners to match Lagat’s graceful stride, there is one aspect of his form that anyone should be able to imitate: His cadence. Lagat moves up four places in the final lap to get the victory and his cadence—the number of steps he takes per minute—doesn’t change.
Cadence in Cycling
In cycling, cadence is the number of revolutions of the crank per minute; roughly speaking, this is the rate at which a cyclist is pedalling/turning the pedals.Cyclists typically have a preferred cadence at which they feel most comfortable, and on bicycles with many gears it is possible to stick to a favorite cadence at a wide range of speeds. Recreational and utility cyclists typically cycle around 60–80 rpm.
Cyclists know more than anyone the importance of efficiency. Not only do everyday cyclists take pride in how biking can be more energy-efficient than driving a car, but avid cyclists improve personal efficiency in order to obtain optimal performance. They strive to make their bike an extension of their own body -- to translate every bit of energy their body exerts into power and speed.
To improve cycling efficiency, you'll want to pay close attention to the concept of cadence. Cadence is simply the speed at which you pedal. Cyclists measure this in revolutions per minute, or rpm. The average cyclist pedals at about 60 rpm, but advanced cyclists pedal at much higher cadences, from at least 80 rpm to more than 100 rpm.
To avoid fatigue and wasted energy, you need to find a good balance and shift gears as needed to maintain the most comfortable cadence. But as you improve your fitness, you'll be able to improve your overall performance at higher cadences. Cadence drills will also be important for improving endurance, which is especially helpful for triathletes.
Cadence in Music
In Western musical theory, a cadence (Latin cadentia, "a falling") is, "a melodic or harmonic configuration that creates a sense of repose or resolution [finality or pause]." A harmonic cadence is a progression of (at least) two chords that concludes a phrase, section, or piece of music.
A rhythmic cadence is a characteristic rhythmic pattern indicating the end of a phrase.
Cadences give phrases a distinctive ending that can, for example, indicate to the listener whether the piece is to be continued or concluded. An analogy may be made with punctuation, with some weaker cadences acting as commas that indicate a pause or momentary rest, while a stronger cadence acts as a period that signals the end of the phrase or sentence. A cadence is labeled more or less "weak" or "strong" depending on the sense of finality it creates. While cadences are usually classified by specific chord or melodic progressions, the use of such progressions does not necessarily constitute a cadence—there must be a sense of closure, as at the end of a phrase. Harmonic rhythm plays an important part in determining where a cadence occurs.